LIGS

Bland Diet

Purpose: The bland or soft diet is designed to decrease peristalsis and avoid irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.

Use: It is appropriate for people with peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis, reflux esophagitis or dyspepsia. It may also be used in the treatment of hiatal hernia.

The soft/ bland diet consists of foods that are easily digestible, mildly seasoned and tender. Fried foods, highly seasoned foods and most raw gas-forming fruits and vegetables are eliminated. Drinks containing Xanthine and alcohol should also be avoided.

Food RecommendedFoods to Avoid
MILK & DAIRY (2-3 servings each day)MILK & DAIRY
All milk and milk productsNone
Plain mild cheeses
Cottage cheese
VEGETABLES 3-5 servings each dayVEGETABLES
Mild flavored vegetable juicesRaw vegetables, dried peas and beans, corn
Cooked, frozen or canned vegetables as tolerated (asparagus tips, beets, carrots, green or waxed beans, mushrooms, pumpkin, green peas, white or sweet potato, spinach, summer or winter squashes)Gas forming vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, onions, cauliflower, cucumber, green pepper, corn, rutabagas, turnips and sauerkraut
Lettuce in small amounts
Salads made from allowed foods
FRUIT (2-4 servings each day)FRUIT
All fruit juicesAll other fresh and dried fruit
Cooked or canned fruit without skins, seeds, or tough fibersBerries and figs
Avocados and bananas
Grapefruit and orange sections without membrane
BREADS AND GRAINS (6-11 servings each day)BREADS AND GRAINS
White, refined wheat, seedless rye breads. Plain white rolls, white melba toast, matzo, English muffin, bagel, pita bread, tortillaSeeds in or on breads, and crackers
Saltine, graham, soda or plain crackersBread or bread products with nuts or dried fruit
Cooked, refined cereals such as cream or wheat, oatmeal, farina, cream of rice. Dry corn and rice cereals such as puffed rice or corn flakesPotato chips, fried potatoes, wild rice
Potatoes
Enriched rice, barley, noodles, spaghetti, macaroni, and other pastas
Couscous
MEAT & MEAT SUBSTITUTES (2-3 servings each day)MEAT & MEAT SUBSTITUTES
All lean, tender meats, poultry, fish and shellfishHighly seasoned, cured, or smoked meats, poultry, or fish. Corned beef, luncheon meats, frankfurters, sausages, sardines, anchovies, strongly flavored cheeses and chunky peanut butter are to be avoided.
Eggs, crisp bacon
Smooth nut butters
Soybean curd (Tofu) and other meat substitutes
Soups
Mildly seasoned meat stock, broth bouillon, or cream soups made with allowed foods
FATS & SNACKS (use sparingly)FATS & SNACKS
Butter or fortified margarineHighly seasoned salad dressings with seeds or pickle relish
Mild salad dressing such as mayonnaise, French or vinegar and oil All fats and oilsAll sweets and deserts containing nuts, coconut or fruit not allowed
Sugar, syrup, honey, jelly seedless jam, hard candies, plain chocolate candies, molasses, marshmallowsFried pastries such as doughnuts
Cakes, cookies, pies, pudding, custard, ice cream sherbet, and Jell-O made with allowed foods
MISCELLANEOUSMISCELLANEOUS
All beverages as toleratedCaffeine-containing beverages (coffee, tea, colas, orange soda, Dr Pepper)
Herb teas, fruit drinksAlcoholic beverages
Iodized salt, flavoringsStrongly flavored seasonings and condiments such as garlic, barbecue sauce, chili sauce, chili pepper, horseradish, pepper, chili, powder and other highly spiced foods
Seedless jams, taffy, sugar, honey, jellyPickles, seed spices, olives, popcorn, nuts and coconut
Marshmallows, molassesAspirin and aspirin-containing medicines
Mildly flavored gravies and sauces
Pepper, herbs, spices, ketchup, mustard and vinegar in moderation